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Genital Wart (HPV)

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Genital Wart (Condyloma)

It is a viral disease that develops as a result of Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) infection and can cause genital warts (condyloma) in both men and women. They are cauliflower-like, large and small and usually painless. Genital warts occur in 1% of the US population and are most common between the ages of 20 and 30. Its prevalence is increasing day by day in our country. Genital warts detected in men are extremely important for public health and should be treated.

Incubation Period

The exact incubation period is not clear. Symptoms can appear months or years after contact with the virus. It usually becomes symptomatic within 1-6 months. Sometimes it can remain in the body as a carrier without even showing symptoms.

How is it transmitted?

It is sexually transmitted. Since transmission is always through skin-to-skin contact, it can also be transmitted without full sexual intercourse.

Contact with the virus is important. A person with genital warts can infect other parts of their body by touching and scratching them.

When shaving the genital area, the virus can also spread to other areas by being planted. Therefore, the number of warts, which may be a few at first, can spread rapidly and reach very large numbers after a while.

What are HPV Types in Men?

More than 70 types of HPV have been identified, 30 of which show predisposition to the ano-genital region. It has been reported that 80-90% of genital warts in men are HPV Types 6 and 11 and carcinogenic types are less common, while carcinogenic HPV subtypes (types 16 and 18) have been reported in asymptomatic lesions. Lesions in the male genital area are usually 2-10 mm in diameter. It can most commonly be seen around the prepuce (foreskin), frenulum (the sensitive area just below the head of the penis), mons pubis, coronal sulcus (the groove at the head-end of the penis), scrotum (the bag surrounding the testicles), groin and anus. Rarely, it can also occur in the urethra (urinary tract) and bladder (urinary bladder). In women, it can develop around the vulva, cervix, inside the vagina, urethra (urinary tract) and anus. The patient with genital warts reports blisters and lumps on the skin. They are flexible and soft masses that look like cauliflower in shape.

Genital Wart Treatment

Genital warts in men must be treated. The most commonly used and best method in men is cremation. In the burning process, according to the doctor’s preference, electrocautery, leep (loop electrosurgical exicion procedure) or laser (I usually prefer laser burning; recurrence after laser condyloma treatment is much lower than other treatments. Cryotherapy (freezing) can also be used to treat condyloma. It is the process of freezing the lesion and the area around the lesion with liquid nitrogen. Large condylomas can be surgically removed by cutting them out. (Removal of lesions with the help of a scalpel) Among HPV treatments in men, the cauterization method is the most permanent and least likely to recur. (Laser cauterization of condyloma)

Genital Warts Before and After Photos

Is Post-Treatment Follow-up Necessary?

Even after complete treatment, genital warts are likely to recur. For new warts, periodic examination after treatment is necessary. (The patient can check by looking at his/her own genital area from time to time). Women should have a smear at regular intervals because of the risk of cervical cancer.

HPV Prevention

The most effective individual protection against genital warts is to avoid having sex with people suspected of being at risk of the disease (having many sexual partners). If you have genital warts, tell your sexual partner as soon as possible and have them evaluated by a doctor.

Are Condoms Protective Against Viruses?

Condom use during sexual intercourse reduces the likelihood of condyloma transmission, but does not protect completely. Since the condom only covers up to the root of the penis, the root of the penis is open to contact and can be infected.

Genital Warts and the Psychological Effects

When genital warts are left untreated or recur, they can cause psychological problems. As a result, as with any viral disease, the stress the patient experiences suppresses the immune system, leading to activation of the virus and proliferation or recurrence of the wart. This leads to a vicious circle. It is important that the body’s immune system works strongly to suppress this virus and prevent it from multiplying. For this reason, it is recommended that these patients eat well, live stress-free and quit smoking if they smoke. To increase immune resistance (immunomodulation), local cream (IMOKIMODE), drugs (Interferons) or vitamin-containing drugs can also be used.

What is genital wart in general terms? Warts caused by HPV viruses can be seen in the genital area. Necessary information is given about this treatable disease.

Genital warts are also called condyloma acuminata. It occurs due to viruses called HPV, or human papilloma. These viruses do not have any effects that can cause cancer. Generally speaking, they can be transmitted after sexual intercourse and cause warts in the genital area.

We can say that it is a very common problem among young people lately. Due to this disease caused by the HPV virus, warts can generally be seen in the anus or genital area in men and women. It may also appear in one or more forms, such as the appearance of cauliflower.

The wart may be as small as a pinhead. When you look at it, you can see it in small balls. However, you should also know that there are genital warts that can reach up to 4 centimeters in diameter. Since it is contagious, it may occur after sexual intercourse.

HPV is the virus that causes warts. If this virus is seen for any reason, warts may appear on the genital areas and anus of people before sexual intercourse. This problem will be eliminated by ensuring that necessary steps are taken to solve it and by directly removing warts from the genital area.

Why Do Warts Appear in the Genital Area?

Among the questions frequently asked by people with wart problems is the question of why warts appear in the genital area. Our patients generally want to know what causes this problem. Finding a solution for these warts, which are visible to the naked eye, will of course be possible by finding out why they appear. It will be much easier to solve the wart problem by eliminating the factors that cause this condition.

Sexual intercourse

Yes, the most obvious cause of this problem is sexual intercourse. Genital warts, which occur due to sexual intercourse, may be caused by frequent intercourse. In this case, in order to eliminate the problem, it is necessary to be selective about the person with whom you will have a relationship. Unfortunately, having sex with more than one person can cause genital warts. If there is a wart on the other side during sexual intercourse, it may be transferred to the other partner through friction.

HPV Virus

It is possible that warts seen in the genital area also occur with viruses. If a virus is contracted in this way, it may take 6 months to 12 months for this effect to be seen in the person’s genital area. However, in general, if this virus is contracted, warts will appear in the genital area within 2 to 6 months if the disease occurs.

Microscopic tears during sexual intercourse

Microscopic tears are revealed during sexual intercourse. It is never visible to the naked eye, but it is possible for the virus to pass through such tears. Subsequently, warts may appear in the genital area in a short time. Additionally, according to some studies, it has been concluded that this virus is transmitted through male semen. So, you should know that semen can also be effective in infecting you directly, even if it is not in the penis.

Treating Genital Warts

Our patients wonder whether genital warts can be treated. Treatment can be done with the immune system. If the person’s defense system is not strong, warts may spread.


It is possible to burn warts with electric current.


It is the process of freezing the warts.


With this method, warts are destroyed by cutting.

Genital warts will be treated with the given methods. Without wasting time, you can contact us through our contact numbers. You can also follow us on our Instagram page.

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